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Reduced shoulded range of motion can increase injury risk

Both Gleno-humeral internal rotation (GIR) and total range of motion (TROM) were reduced after acute exposure to tennis play in elite female palyers which is demonstrated to be associated with increased injury risk.

Given the changes in glenohumeral motion following acute exposure to tennis, evaluation of players for significant motion alterations following overhead activity and intervention strategies to minimize such alterations in these players are recommended for high level tennis players (Moore-Reed et al,2016).

 Martin et al (2016) also found that passive shoulder internal rotation and total ROM are significantly decreased during a 3-hour tennis match that need to be corrected to minimise the injury risk.

 

 

Athlete workloads can predict injury

 The measures of training load were used for periodisation plans and tapering for performance. Several studies have applied this workload model to predict injuries in team sport athletes. In studies of rugby league players, high chronic workloads were associated with a reduced risk of injury, while large ‘spikes’ in acute workloads relative to chronic workloads were associated with increased risk of injury.

A consistent theme throughout this paper was the importance of progressively and systematically increasing workloads to minimise the risk of injury. Importantly, the predictive ability of this approach is very high; we reported a positive likelihood as high as 70 times (Gabbett et al, 2015).

 

A tennis sport-specific conditioning program

can help tennis players train for competition or return to play from injury. This study determined the actual tennis serve volume in elite play and used these data to construct an interval training program based on stroke volume.

When training elite tennis players, both coaches and Sports physio's should use a 3-to-1 ratio regarding serves. The interval training program incorporates serve volume parameters based on the highest level of tennis competition.

Coaches and health professionals should consider individualizing this program based on the needs of the athlete. The “unit dose” of 40 serves per set can be used to estimate the shoulder load and guide match planning (Myers et al, 2016).

 

 

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